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ADD / ADHD ADD / ADHD is a term used to describe a group of children/adults who have many problems in common.  The common difficulty to all of them is a short attention span and distractibility unless the subject fascinates the child. Most have learning disabilities which interfere with their school and social activities. Many will be hyperactive (over-active) and there are some children who are hypo-active (under active) The difference between a BUSY and HYPERACTIVE child A child who is busy may have a high level of activity and will achieve a lot during the course of the day. A hyperactive child will be busy all day and achieve very little, completing few of the tasks that he starts. Diagnosis DSM V Six or more of the following symptoms of hyperactivity-impulsivity have persisted for at least 6 months to a degree that is maladaptive and inconsistent with the development level. Hyperactivity o Often fidgets with hands or feet or squirms in seat. o Often leaves seat in classroom or in other situations in which remaining seated is expected. o Often runs about or climbs excessively in situations in which it is inappropriate (in adolescents and adults, may be limited to subjective feelings of restlessness). o Often has difficulty playing or engaging in leisure activities quietly. o Is often “on the go” or acts as if “driven by a motor”. o Often talks excessively. Impulsivity o Often blurts out answers before questions have been completed. o Often has difficulty awaiting turn. o Often interrupts or intrudes on others (e.g. butts into conversations or games). Back to top
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